Harry Otis Pixley – 1997 Inductee

The image of the village blacksmith remains as one of the more popular and enduring romanticisms of the homesteading era. The last Osborne County practitioner of this demanding profession was born March 13, 1845, at East Clarksfield, Huron County, Ohio. Harry Otis Pixley worked on his parent’s farm until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, when at age sixteen he enlisted in Company E of the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served for three years and four months in the war, and by his own count fought in fifty-three battles, including those at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Antietam, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, and Atlanta. He was under fire sixty-three times and was wounded three times, the last time severely. Once Pixley shared his spoon and tin cup of beans with Abraham Lincoln while the president inspected the Union army. The spoon and cup became treasured momentos of the war and later were given to Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kansas.

During the war Harry learned the blacksmithing trade, which became his full-time occupation. At one time he shoed a horse for Jesse James. On September 20, 1868, he married Mrs. Emma Louise (Pleasanton) Burroughs, widow of E. U. Burroughs, at West Salem, Wisconsin. Six years later the Pixleys moved to Kansas, and in 1878 they settled on a homestead along East Kill Creek in Independence Township of Osborne County. They lived there for two years and then moved to the town of Osborne. While in Osborne the Pixleys adopted a son, Harry Clyde “Trot” Pixley, who was born October 14, 1879. After working in Osborne for two years, Harry traded his homestead for several lots in the community of Covert, Kansas. He built a stone house and set up a blacksmith shop, which became a fixture in the village for the next thirty-six years.

Harry Pixley was a large, jovial man who possessed great strength. Once when living on his East Kill Creek homestead he walked the fifteen miles into Osborne through six inches of snow. He bought a hundred-pound sack of flour and twenty-five pounds of groceries, which he hoisted onto his back and started on the journey home. In spite of the wind that whipped the snow into a howling blizzard, Pixley made it home safely and with his burden intact.

In 1918 Harry closed the smithy and retired after fifty-five years as a blacksmith. The Pixleys enjoyed three more years of contentment until Emma passed away and was buried in the Covert Cemetery. Alone and now confined to a wheelchair due to his Civil War injuries, Harry moved back to Osborne and spent his remaining years with his son. He died August 19, 1938, in Osborne. “A valiant soldier, a good citizen, and a real patriot has gone to his final reward,” eulogized the Osborne County Farmer. Harry was laid to rest beside his wife in the Covert Cemetery, the last Civil War veteran living in Osborne County.

The Pixley blacksmith shop in Covert, Kansas, as it appeared in 1886.
In 1936 Osborne and Osborne County celebrated the 65th anniversaries of their respective foundings with a spectacular parade. Among the veterans honored with a place on the military float was Harry Pixley, representing the county’s Civil War veterans.
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Lester W. Nixon – 1997 Inductee

Lester W. Nixon was born June 1, 1897, to the Reverend Thomas Jefferson Nixon and his wife Mary on a farm southeast of WaKeeney, Trego County, Kansas.  Lester’s father was a Methodist circuit minister serving rural communities in Trego, Graham and Rooks Counties.  Lester graduated from Natoma, Kansas, High School in 1916 and became certified as a teacher.  He began his teaching career in a one-room rural school outside Natoma.  In 1918, when his family moved to Salina he enrolled in Kansas Wesleyan College to earn his Bachelor’s degree.  However, he was drafted into the U. S. Army in early fall reporting for induction a few days before World War I ended; he was sent home a few days later.  He resumed his studies at Kansas Wesleyan College that winter and graduated in 1921 with majors in English, drama and teacher education.

That fall Lester resumed his teaching career at Covert, Kansas, High School in Osborne County as a teacher and principal.  In 1922 he moved to Natoma as superintendent of the city school system, and then to Potter, Kansas, in 1923 as high school principal.  While at Potter, he met his future wife, Maudine L. Smith, who was a teacher at the high school.  They were married June 1l, 1924, in the Smith Chapel southeast of Marshall, Missouri.  Since Potter – and many other rural Kansas schools at that time – had a policy prohibiting the hiring of husband and wife teachers in the same school system, they moved to Sun City in Barber County, Kansas, where they both taught in the high school.

Lester and Maudine moved in 1926 to Elizabeth, New Jersey.  Lester attended Teachers College, Columbia University, in New York City, earning his Master of Education degree in 1927.  That year Lester was elected to Phi Delta Kappa, a national honorary education fraternity.

In June 1928 the family moved to Boulder, Colorado, where Lester’s father was operating a chicken farm but was in ill health Lester spent the spring and summer of 1928 in Boulder helping his father run the chicken farm and taking post graduate courses at the University of Colorado.

Lester became interested in teaching at the college level and accepted a position at the then-year old El Dorado (Kansas) Junior College (now Butler County Community College) for the 1929-30 school year.

The depression years were not particularly kind to junior college enrollments, so Lester also taught some English classes in the El Dorado High School.  Lester continued his professional education, taking post-graduate courses at Emporia State University, Friends University, and the University of Colorado; he also taught several summer sessions at the University of Colorado.

Lester gained renown throughout the Kansas junior/community college system for his expertise in developing outstanding drama and debate teams; in fact, his 1938, 1950 and 1955 debate teams place first in the National Junior College Debate Tournaments.  He was deeply interested and concerned with his students, and encouraged them to complete their college degrees and go on to rewarding and challenging careers.  Lester received many honors in his lifetime from his peers and others for his achievements in education, including being nominated Outstanding Kansas Teacher of the Year in 1959.  Several times he turned down opportunities at four-year universities to stay in El Dorado. He retired from teaching at last in 1967.

During his years in El Dorado, he was very active in the community and served on the boards of many civic organizations; he was a strong supporter and member of the Bradford Public Library, the El Dorado Community Concert Association, the Knife and Fork Club, the El Dorado Little Theater, and the First United Methodist Church.  In recognition of his outstanding achievements as a college teacher and community leader, in 1982 the college named its library as the L. W. Nixon Library in his honor.

Lester Nixon passed away in El Dorado on June 27, 1999, at the age of 102 years old. He was laid to rest in Walnut Valley memorial Park in El Dorado, Kansas.

William Wallace and Nellie Mae (Wagner) McDaneld – 1996 Inductees

The lives of William Wallace (also known as “W. W.” or Mac”) and Nellie Mae (Wagner) McDaneld were deeply rooted in Osborne County. Wallace, the oldest of the three children of Ira and Anna (Eastman) McDaneld, was born August 3, 1907, near Bloomington in Tilden Township, Osborne County, Kansas. He was named after the great Scot, William Wallace. The family moved to Victor Township in 1908 and in 1909 moved to a dairy farm which Wallace’s father named “Lone Pine Dairy Farm;” however, the “pine” may have been a cedar.

The third of eight children in the Frank and Altena (Bradshaw) Wagner family, Nellie was born on a farm in Victor Township on September 7, 1906. Except for four years spent near Arriba, Colorado, where her father homesteaded, Nellie grew up in Victor Township.

The Victor School and Church of the Brethren were fundamental in their lives. Wallace and Nellie attended Victor Rural School District Number 64 and Covert High School, graduating in 1926 and 1925. Both families attended the Victor Church of the Brethren. Nellie’s father served as the minister and probably influenced Wallace’s decision to be a minister. Wallace’s mother taught Sunday School classes, and Wallace and Nellie were involved in youth programs.

Following graduation, Nellie worked for several area families and in Waldo, Kansas stores. Wallace worked on threshing crews and on the family dairy farm. They married August 15, 1928, in Victor Township. In 1929, they moved to McPherson, Kansas, where Wallace attended the Church of the Brethren college. Poor eye sight kept Nellie from furthering her education. The depression years interrupted Wallace’s education after two years, and Wallace and Nellie returned to Osborne County where Wallace pursued a teaching career which spanned thirty years. Except for a few years when he taught in Decatur and Smith Counties, Wallace taught in the Osborne County rural schools of Victor, Valley View, Potterville and Portis, teaching in Portis from 1939 until 1962.

In the early 1950s the state required upgraded teaching certificates and Wallace returned to McPherson College during summer sessions, receiving his education degree in 1956. It was a family joke that he had been a college junior for twenty-five years.

Wallace was licensed to preach by the Victor church in 1928, and in 1937 accepted a call to minister at the North Solomon Church of the Brethren in Portis. The family was living in Victor Township where Wallace was teaching and traveled to Portis for services. Wallace served the church until 1962. For the next ten years, Wallace served as a substitute pastor in many churches in Osborne and surrounding counties until 1972 when he returned to the Portis church and served there until his death. Nellie was involved in various church activities and played the piano for many years. Wallace and Nellie moved to Portis in 1938 and purchased a house on the hill (Goat Hill, as Wallace named it) in 1943. Their four children–Donald, Arthur, Shirley and Sharon–grew up there. The house was the forerunner of the “food bank”–who might be coming for dinner was anyone’s guess, as transients were sent or simply found their way up the hill. Nellie took great pleasure in preparing the house for private weddings and the guest room was often occupied with visiting church leaders. Wallace became Osborne County Superintendent of Schools in 1962, a position he held until the state abolished the office in 1969. Continuing in government, Wallace became Osborne County Register of Deeds in 1969 and retired from that office in 1981.

The accomplishments Wallace and Nellie enjoyed can be credited to teamwork. They were so attuned that it is impossible to write about one without the other. As Wallace ministered to those who were in need, ill, grieving or in distress, and Nellie was always there lending support. For the classes Wallace taught and Nellie was a self-proclaimed “room mother”. She would fix holiday desserts and treats, load them into a picnic basket and head for the school. With the family grown, Nellie became a “working girl” assisting Wallace in the County Superintendent office. Nellie retired when the office closed, but soon came out of retirement and joined Wallace in the Register of Deeds office. The time in the Register of Deeds office presented an opportunity for Nellie to research and document the history of Osborne County families, schools and churches in Covert and Portis, and helped to compile histories on the towns of Covert and Portis. Nellie was known as the “Bell Lady” for her bell collection. She acquired over four hundred bells and often presented programs for organizations. Wallace had a forty-year collection of sermons which were titled and categorized.

Nellie died December 30, 1985, in the family home at Portis. Wallace passed away a short time later on April 19 1986, in Salina, Kansas. Both are buried in the Osborne Cemetery. Wallace and Nellie were active participants in the school, community and church. Wallace served on the city council and various boards and committees, such as the State Textbook Committee and the local ministerial committee. Nellie was involved in YWCA, Ladies Aid, PTA, and the Portis Christian Women’s Association. They may not have made headlines, but they made an impact on those they met through their active involvement. They were considered trustworthy and they bestowed and received great respect.

After their deaths, the children and grandchildren kept the Portis home as a family gathering place. The family also acquired the North Solomon Church of the Brethren to be used for family gatherings and family church services.

John H. Locke – 1996 Inductee

John H. Locke, “Johnnie” to all who knew him, was born on a homestead timber claim in Kill Creek Township, Osborne County, Kansas, on January 25, 1907, to Will and Tina (Hill) Locke. One of six children, he continued to work that farm until the time of his death on August 11, 1990. As a toddler Johnnie had been assigned the chore of going to the bottom of the hill to pump water and tote it back to the house. He progressed to milking two cows before breakfast and the mile walk to school. The work ethic was installed very early and remained with this man until the final few days of his life.

To many Mr. Locke was a basketball coach – and was he ever! However, this man was also a full-time teacher, farmer, family man, horse lover, and so much more. Locke loved the game of basketball early on. He played while in high school at Covert, Kansas, where at the start of his senior year of 1925-1926 the school district informed the basketball team that it could not afford to hire a head coach. As the lone senior, Johnnie went before the school board and asked if he could coach the team for the year. The board agreed and with Johnnie as player/coach the Covert boys team reached the state tournament in March 1926, the smallest school in Kansas history to do so. John graduated valedictorian of his class and attended then normal school at Hays, Kansas, which qualified him to teach at Star and Enterprise one-room country schools. He earned his degree in 1932 and became the principal at Covert Grade School, and three years later he was an instructor at Covert High School. In 1931 John married Bonnie Carlin and they had a baby girl, Lavetta. In Covert he coached both boys and girls basketball. Often he had only five boys that went out for basketball but they won and won, sometimes playing with only four boys when someone fouled out. Yet his Covert boys teams won 135 games and lost only 18 during his nine years there. Records for the Covert girls teams were not kept, or his win total would be even more.

Bonnie died in 1936 and two years later John married Wretha White. They had five sons and a daughter – Delwin, John, Ferryl, Leneal, Janelle and Marlin. In 1944 he moved his growing family to Natoma for a first stay of nineteen years in the school system. During that stint the boys’ basketball record stood at 401 wins and 87 losses. Back-to-back Kansas state championships were won by the boys’ team in 1958 and 1959. In 1963 he moved to Stockton and had more success there. In ten years his teams compiled a record of 115-84 and in 1966 the boys’ team reached the state championship finals. He returned to Natoma in 1973 and took both the girls’ and boys’ teams to the state Class 1A tournament in 1975. The girls took second place and the boys claimed Natoma’s third state basketball title, John’s 700th career win. He was named National High School Basketball Coach of the Year in 1976. and in 1977 the girls’ team took second at state again.

In 1979 John retired from coaching. During his second stint at Natoma his boys’ basketball teams compiled a record of 80 wins and 14 losses, putting Locke’s final coaching record at 731 wins and 203 losses over a forty-four year career. 1979 also saw John selected as an assistant coach for the All-Star McDonald’s team. In 1983 John was inducted into the Kansas State High School Activities Association Hall of Fame. The next year he was of the five inaugural inductees into the Kansas High School Basketball Coaches Hall of Fame.

Locke also bred and raised quarterhorses on his farm southwest of Natoma and raced many of his horses in several states. After his retirement from teaching in 1979, he spent even more time with his horses. He raised cattle and did extensive farming, and was also an avid coyote hunter and had many coyote dogs. John Locke lies buried in the Natoma Cemetery.

The grave of John Locke in the Natoma Cemetery.

Kansas All-Sports Hall of Fame

John H. Locke
Inducted 1999
Born: January 25, 1907 – Osborne County, KS
Died: August 11, 1990
Graduated: Covert (KS) H.S. 1926; Fort Hays State University, 1932

Overview:  Johnnie Locke won 731 high school basketball games, more than any boys basketball coach in Kansas history, in his 44 seasons spanning five decades from 1933-1979. One of the five inaugural inductees into the Kansas Basketball Coaches’ Hall of Fame in 1984, Locke was named district and national high School Coach of the Year in 1976 and served as an assistant coach for the 1979 McDonald’s High School All-Star game.

Coaching Legend:  After helping his Covert High School of 1926 to the Class B State Tournament, he later returned to begin his coaching career at his alma mater from 1933-1944. Locke’s Covert teams won 135 games while losing only 18. From there, Locke moved to Natoma where he won 401 games in 19 seasons, won back-to back state titles in 1958 and 1959, and put together a string of 51 straight victories. In 1963, he moved to Stockton where he turned around a program by winning 115 games against 84 losses with two trips to the state tourney during his nine seasons. Locke returned to Natoma in 1973 and picked up where he left off with 80 wins against just 14 losses, including the undefeated state championship season in 1975. That same year, he also coached the Natoma Girls team to a 25-1 record as state runner-up. All totaled, John Locke won 731 games against only 203 losses (78.3 percent), won 14 sub-state titles and three state championships. Locke coached all five of his sons during his career.

Mildred Margaret Hobrock – 1996 Inductee

Mildred Hobrock was born to Peter and Martha A. Hobrock on June 4, 1904, at Lincoln, Kansas. A lady doctor came to the home to deliver her. Her birthdate also marked the first day of mail delivery out of Lincoln. Mildred attended schools at Minneapolis, Tescott, and Natoma where she graduated from high school. Fresh out of high school, she took her first teaching job at the IXL school, District Number 115 in Victor Township of Osborne County.  She was supposed to have seven students that first year but two families who had planned to move stayed there, and 20 students of various grades came to school that first day. Two little brothers, Marvin and Melvin Reynolds, who hadn’t been away from home very much, cried that day, and Mildred said she cried right along with them.

Some of her happiest days were in rural schools. Children seemed to be happier, eager to learn and didn’t fight as much as the town kids. Her duties included making the fires – which also meant carrying coal and emptying ashes – sweeping the floors, dusting desks, cleaning blackboards and erasers, and once a week inspecting and cleaning the outhouses. Getting a paycheck was sometimes a problem – if the treasurer had children in school it was sent with them. If not, the teacher had to go after it.

Recesses were not her favorite times of the day, but they played outdoors when the weather was good – games such as pom pom pullaway, andy over, baseball and dare base. In winter what fun they had playing fox and geese, building snow forts and having snowball fights!

In those days they could have prayer and Bible reading. Usually they all said the Lord’s Prayer. Christmas was special and parents always came to see their children perform. Mildred always had sacks of candy and nuts for all the children and a few extra ones for any other child who might come.

Mildred taught in five rural schools before moving to town. At Kill Creek wages were high and she received $100 a month. After that the depression came and she taught four years at Covert for $50 a month. In one school she was required to serve hot meals during the winter months. Usually the parents sent pots of soup that she just heated for the children. One day a mother sent tomatoes, milk, and soda for tomato soup. Not being a great cook, the result was very curdled tomato soup. It was eaten but never again did any mother send that!

During all those years of teaching, Mildred was attending summer classes at Fort Hays Teachers College to further her education. She received a thirty-hour life certificate in 1933, but kept going until she was awarded a degree in 1966. There were times when parents were uncooperative but that was the exception. Mildred taught the third and fourth grades in Palco for three years but had to leave when her father became ill and she helped to support her family. She spent eight years as first grade teacher in Natoma, then in 1948 she and her mother moved to Haviland, Kansas, where she spent twenty-two happy years teaching there. The Quaker people were so good to her and helped when her mother became ill and died.

In 1970, at the age of 66, Mildred retired and moved to Hays, Kansas. Not satisfied to be idle, she volunteered as one of the first “pink ladies” at Hadley Hospital there. She continued to do this for seventeen years, retiring in 1988 when she moved to the Epworth Towers in Hays.  Mildred’s 45-year teaching career influenced quite a few nieces and nephews who subsequently chose teaching as their career as well.

Mildred passed away in Hays on Christmas Day, December 25, 2001.  She was laid to rest in the Natoma Cemetery.

Rodney Keith Heitschmidt – 2010 Inductee

From the Desk of Dr. Rod Heitschmidt

Heitschmidt Rodney portraitRodney Keith Heitschmidt, son of Harold and 1996 Osborne County Hall of Famer Wilma Heitschmidt, was born October 28, 1944 in Hays, Kansas.  He grew up on his parent’s farm, located three miles west of Covert, Osborne County, Kansas.  His family included an older brother Roger, and a younger sister Elaine.  His grandparents were Nick and Tillie Heitschmidt and Chris and Lovie Sigle.  His Grandpa and Grandma Heitschmidt lived about one mile northwest of his parents’ farmstead and his Grandpa and Grandma Sigle lived about three miles southeast of his parents’ farmstead.

Rod attended grade school in the two-room school in Covert. There were five in his 1959 8th grade graduating class: he; Steve Miller; Sandy Murphy; Gerald Mitchell; and Marilyn Wirth.  He attended high school in Paradise, Kansas, graduating in 1963 with seven classmates: Janice McNeal; Ken Stielow; Harold Robbins; Warren Eulert; Terry Hoopes; Don Landis; and Larry Weilert.  While in high school he was active in all sports, FFA, and choir.

Rod’s college education began in the fall of 1963 when he accepted a basketball scholarship from Fort Hays State University (FHSU) in Hays, Kansas.  He retired from basketball after his sophomore year when it became apparent to him that he was vying for one of the last bench warming positions for the mighty FHSU Tigers!

Rod married his high school sweetheart, Judy Sue Thompson, on August 21, 1965.  Shortly thereafter they moved into married couple housing—Wooster Place—on the FHSU campus.  Sue began working fulltime for Farmers State Bank and Rod part-time for Dr. Jerry Tomanek, Head of the Biology Department and later President of FHSU.  Rod completed his B.S. in Botany in 1967 and went on to complete his M.S. in 1968 under the guidance of Drs. Tomanek and Gary Hulett.  He then accepted a research assistantship at the University of Texas (i.e., Dr. Calvin McMillan) to pursue his Ph.D.

Rod and Sue moved to Austin, Texas in August 1968.  Shortly thereafter their first son, Jason Keith, was born (October 31, 1968).  At about the same time, Rod received a 1A rating from the Osborne County draft board.  After visiting with the local United States Air Force [USAF] recruiter, Rod agreed to join the USAF under a delay enlistment agreement.  Thus, he abandoned his studies at UT at the end of the first semester, accepted a position with the Texas Department of Agriculture’s Weights and Measures Laboratory while teaching a Biology 1 night class at UT.  In June 1969, Rod moved Sue and Jason to her parent’s home in Paradise before enlisting in the USAF.  His first tour of duty was as a candidate in the USAF Officer’s Training School at Lackland Air Force Base [AFB] at San Antonio, Texas.

Rod was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in September 1969.  He, Sue and Jason then moved into a three-bedroom duplex at Columbus AFB, Columbus, Mississippi, for 52 weeks of flight training.  During this time, Rod and Sue’s second son, Dustin Lee, was born (June 17, 1970).  At the end of flight school, Rod was assigned the position of T-38 instructor pilot (IP) at Laughlin AFB, Del Rio, Texas.  However, before moving to Del Rio in March 1970, Rod attended two USAF schools.  The first was the Winter Survival & POW Training School at Fairchild AFB in Spokane, Washington.  Rod declared that to be a valuable school but not a very pleasant one.  The second school was T-38 IP training at Tyndall AFB in Panama City, Florida.

In March 1970, the family moved into a rented home in Del Rio.  Later that summer, they moved into a three-bedroom duplex on Laughlin AFB.  They resided in that home until Rod separated from the USAF in August 1974.

During his time in the USAF, Rod served as an IP in M Flight, as a squadron scheduler, and eventually as a member of the Wing Standardization and Evaluation team.  Rod and Sue’s decision to resign his commission and separate from the USAF was extremely difficult as both loved the USAF family. They found the pilots’ and their families’ comradery were extraordinary, fun, exciting and uplifting.  Their time in the USAF was one of the greatest experiences of their lives.

Rod separated from the USAF in August 1974 and entered graduate school at Colorado State University (CSU) in September. Rod’s research focused on quantifying the effects of sulfur dioxide, as emitted from coal-fired electrical generation plants, on grassland ecosystems.  To this end, the family spent the summers of 1975 and 1976 in a trailer house near Ashland, Montana, where Rod headed a crew of eight in the conduct of an array of grassland field research endeavors.

Rod’s research was funded via the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory (NREL) at CSU.  He was officed in NREL and he considered himself a very lucky person to have had the experience of working with and learning from some of the finest grassland ecologists in the world.  One of the great things about NREL was that the mentors/professors treated graduate students as their equals. Working at NREL was truly a fun and exceptionally rewarding experience.

Rod graduated from CSU with his Ph.D. in rangeland ecology in August 1977.  He then accepted a position with the Texas Agriculture Experiment Station (TAES), part of Texas A&M University (TAMU).  He was officed near Vernon, Texas in the TAMU Chillicothe-Vernon Agriculture Research and Extension Center.  Although he worked at a number of sites across the Rolling Plains of Texas, his primary research site was the 3,600-acre Texas Experimental Ranch near Throckmorton.  The focus of his research was grazing management and closely associated disciplines. He was also a faculty member of the TAMU Department of Range Science.

In September 1990, Rod accepted the position of Research Leader of the 55,000-acre USDA Agriculture Research Service’s Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory (LARRL) near Miles City, Montana.  Research foci at LARRL were beef cattle genetics and reproduction physiology, range animal nutrition, and range ecology and management.  Rod’s research was focused largely on developing effective grazing/drought management tactics and strategies.  However, his primary job was “managing” the 50-member staff and the $4,000,000 budget.  For a more detailed understanding of the LARRL mission and operation, please visit www.larrl.ars.usda.gov/.

Rod retired from LARRL on December 31, 2006.  He and Sue have since moved to Pecan Plantation, a gated, golfing community located near Granbury, Texas.  Jason and his wife, Traci, and two children, Jarren (15) and Kacey (13), live in Flowermound, Texas.  Dustin died in a tragic automobile accident on October 14, 2004.  His widow, Wendy, and two children, Riley (14) and Reagan (10), live near Birmingham, Alabama.

Rod was a prolific writer throughout his career as he authored or co-authored 70-plus refereed journal articles, 50-plus book chapters and proceedings, 115-plus technical and popular articles and 85-plus abstracts.  In addition, he made over 135 invited presentations to scientific and lay audiences during his 29-year career.  He proudly served on many graduate student committees at both TAMU and Montana State University.

Rod has been the recipient of numerous professional awards including the Society for Range Management’s (SRM) Outstanding Achievement Award (1991), Fellow Award (2004) and Renner Award (2013).  He served as a Director and President (2002) of the SRM parent society, Director of the Texas section of SRM, and President (1997) of the Northern Great Plains section of SRM.  He received an Outstanding Instructor Pilot Award (1972) while serving in the USAF, the America/World Agriculture Award (2009) presented by the National Association of County Agricultural Agents, an Alumni Achievement Award from Fort Hays University (1997), and a Friend of Extension Award (2005) from the Montana State Agriculture Extension Service.

* * * * *

“Dr. Heitschmidt has accomplished more in just 20 years as a research scientist than many outstanding scientists do in a lifetime.” – Fort Hays State University President Emeritus Jerry Tomanek, fellow grassland scientist, 1997.

*  *  *  *  *

1. Educational Background:

1963-1967 Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS.  B.S. 1967. Major-botany. Minor-zoology.

1967-1968 Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS.  M.S. 1968. Major-botany.

1968-1969 University of Texas, Austin, TX.

1969-1974 USAF Pilot Training, Columbus AFB, MS.  Aeronautical Rating. 1970. T-38 Instructor Pilot, Laughlin, AFB, TX 1970 – 1974.

1974-1977 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.  Ph.D. 1977. Major-rangeland ecology.

 

2. Research Experience:

1967-1968 Graduate Research Assistant, Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS

1968-1969 Graduate Research Assistant, University of Texas, Austin, TX

1974-1977 Graduate Research Assistant, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

1977-1981 Assistant Professor, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Vernon, TX

1982-1986 Associate Professor, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Vernon, TX

1987-1990 Professor, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Vernon, TX

1990-2006 GM-15, Supervisory Rangeland Scientist, USDA, ARS, Miles City, MT

 

3. Partial List of Honors and Awards:

a. Elected member, Phi Kappa Phi & Beta Beta Beta, Professional Honorary Societies. President of FHSU chapter of Beta Beta Beta, 1968

b. Selected as Outstanding Instructor Pilot, Laughlin Air Force Base, 1972

c. Nominee for Outstanding Young Scientist Award, College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, 1986

d. Received Outstanding Achievement Award, Society for Range Management, 1991

e. Selected for Employer of the Year Award, Miles City Area Chamber of Commerce, 1994

f. Received Alumni Achievement Award, Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS, 1997

g. NPA Nominee for ARS Technology Transfer Award, 2000

h. Received Federal Laboratories Consortium Outstanding Laboratory Award for Technology Transfer, Mid-Content Region, 2002

i. Elected Fellow Award, Society for Range Management, 2003

j. Selected to receive Friend of Extension Award, Montana State University Extension Honorary Association, 2005

k. Received Service to American/World Agriculture Award from National Association of County Agriculture Agents, 2009

 

4. List of 261 Publications:

1. Heitschmidt, R. K., Hulett, G. K., and Tomanek, G.W. Vegetational map and community structure of west central Kansas Prairie. SW Natur. 14(3):337-350. 1970.

2. Heitschmidt, R. K., Lauenroth, W. K., and Dodd, J. L. Effects of controlled levels of sulphur dioxide on western wheatgrass in a southeastern Montana grassland. J. Appl. Ecol. 14:859-868. 1977.

3. Schwartz, C. C., Lauenroth, W. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dodd, J. L. Effects of controlled levels of sulphur dioxide on the nutrient quality of western wheatgrass. J. Appl. Ecol. 14:869-874. 1978.

4. Heitschmidt, R. K. Relative annual broomweed abundance as related to selected climatic factors. J. Range Manage. 32:401-403. 1979.

5. Heitschmidt, R. K., Kothmann, M. M., and Rawlins, W. J. Cow-calf response to stocking rates, grazing systems and winter supplementation at the Texas Experimental Ranch. J. Range Manage. 35:204-210. 1982.

6. Heitschmidt, R. K., Price, D. L., Gordon, R. A., and Frasure, J. R. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Effects on aboveground net primary production and seasonal growth dynamics. J. Range Manage. 35:367-372. 1982.

7. Heitschmidt, R. K., Gordon, R. A., and Bluntzer, J. S. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Effects on forage quality. J. Range Manage. 35:372-374. 1982.

8. Heitschmidt, R. K., Frasure J. R., Price, D. L., and Rittenhouse, L. R. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Weight gains of growing heifers. J. Range Manage. 35:375-379. 1982.

9. Heitschmidt, R. K. Diurnal variation in weight and rates of shrink of range cows and calves. J. Range Manage. 35:717-720. 1982.

10. Whitson, R. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Kothmann, M. M., and Lundgren, G. K. The impact of grazing systems on the magnitude and stability of ranch income in the Rolling Plains of Texas. J. Range Manage. 35:526-532. 1982.

11. Dodd, J. L., Lauenroth, W. K., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Effects of controlled S02 exposure on net primary production and plant biomass dynamics. J. Range Manage. 35:572-579. 1982.

12. Singh, J. S., Lauenroth, W. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dodd, J. L. Structural and functional attributes of the vegetation of northern mixed prairie of North America. Bot. Rev. 49:117-149. 1982.

13. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Schultz, R. D. Effects of drought on a grassland in the northern Rolling Plains of Texas. SW Naturalist 30:319-320. 1985.

14. Walker, J. W., Stuth, J. W., Heitschmidt, R.K., and Dowhower, S. L. A new esophageal plug. J. Range Manage. 38:185-187. 1985.

15. Walker, J. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Evaluation of pedometers for measuring distance traveled by cattle on two grazing systems. J. Range Manage. 38:90-93. 1985.

16. Price, D. L., Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. A., and Frasure, J. R. Rangeland vegetation response following control of brownspine pricklypear (Opuntia phaecantha) with herbicide. Weed Sci. 33:630-633. 1985.

17. Heitschmidt, R. K., Schultz, R. D., and Scifres, C. J. Herbaceous biomass dynamics and net primary production following chemical control of honey mesquite. J. Range Manage. 39:67-71. 1985.

18. Walker, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Effect of various grazing systems on type and density of cattle trails. J. Range Manage. 39:428-431. 1986.

19. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. 14- vs. 42-paddock rotational grazing: aboveground biomass dynamics, forage production, and harvest efficiency. J. Range Manage. 40:216-223. 1987.

20. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. 14- vs. 42-paddock rotational grazing: forage quality. J. Range Manage. 40:315-317. 1987.

21. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. Some effects of a rotational grazing treatment on quantity and quality of available forage and amount of ground litter. J. Range Manage. 40:318-321. 1987.

22. Pluhar, J. J., Knight, R. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Infiltration rates and sediment production as influenced by grazing systems in the Texas Rolling Plains. J. Range Manage. 40:428-431. 1987.

23. Van Tassell, L. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Conner, J. R. Modeling variation of range calf growth under conditions of environmental uncertainty. J. Range Manage. 40:310-314. 1987.

24. Greene, L. W., Pinchak, W. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Seasonal dynamics of minerals in forages at the Texas Experimental Ranch. J. Range Manage. 40:502-506. 1987.

25. Heitschmidt, R. K., Ansley, R. J., Dowhower, S. L., Jacoby, P. W., and Price, D. L. Some observations from the excavation of honey mesquite root systems. J. Range Manage. 41:227-231. 1988.

26. Walker, J. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Some effects of a rotational grazing treatment on cattle preference for plant communities. J. Range Manage. 42:143-148. 1989.

27. Riechers, R. K., Conner, J. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Economic consequences of alternative stocking rate adjustment tactics: a simulation approach. J. Range Manage. 42:165-171. 1989.

28. Walker, J. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., de Moraes, E.A., Kothmann, M. M., and Dowhower, S. L. Quality and botanical composition of cattle diets under rotational and continuous grazing treatments. J. Range Manage. 42:239-242. 1989.

29. Walker, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Some effects of a rotational grazing treatment on cattle grazing behavior. J. Range Manage. 42:337-342. 1989.

30. Price, D. L., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Reductions in belowground biomass estimates from freezing of soil cores. Plant & Soil 116:273-274. 1989.

31. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., Pinchak, W. E., and Canon, S. K. Effects of stocking rate on quantity and quality of available forage in a southern mixed grass prairie. J. Range Manage. 42:468-473. 1989.

32. Walker, J. W., Stuth, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. A simulation approach for evaluating field data from grazing trials. Agr. Syst. 30:301-316. 1989.

33. Pinchak, W. E., Greene, L. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Mineral dynamics in beef cattle diets from a southern mixed grass prairie. J. Range Manage. 42:431-433. 1989.

34. Heitschmidt, R. K., Conner, J. R., Canon, S. K., Pinchak, W. E., Walker, J. W., and Dowhower, S. L. Cow/calf production and economic returns from yearlong continuous, deferred rotation and rotational grazing treatments. J. Prod. Agr. 3:92-99. 1990.

35. Heitschmidt, R. K., Briske, D. D., and Price, D. L. Patterns of interspecific tiller defoliation in a mixed grass prairie grazed by cattle. Grass For. Sci. 45:215-222. 1990.

36. Pinchak, W. E., Canon, S. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Effect of long-term, year-long grazing at moderate and heavy rates of stocking on diet selection and forage intake dynamics. J. Range Manage. 42:304-309. 1990.

37. Carlson, D. H., Thurow, T. L., Knight, R. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Effect of honey mesquite on the water balance of Texas Rolling Plains rangeland. J. Range Manage. 43:491-496. 1990.

38. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Herbage response following control of honey mesquite within single tree lysimeters. J. Range Manage. 44:144-149. 1991.

39. McKown, C. D., Walker, J. W., Stuth, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Nutrient intake of cattle on rotational and continuous grazing treatments. J. Range Manage. 44:596-601. 1991.

40. Haferkamp, M. R., Volesky, J. D., Borman, M. M., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Currie, P. O. Effects of mechanical treatments and climatic factors on productivity of Northern Great Plains rangelands. J. Range Manage. 46:346-350. 1993.

41. Heitschmidt, R. K., Volesky, J. D., Haferkamp, M. R., and Currie, P. O. Steer performance on native and modified Northern Great Plains rangeland. J. Range Manage. 46:529-533. 1993.

42. Heitschmidt, R. K., Grings, E. E., Haferkamp, M. R., and Karl, M. G. Herbage dynamics on two Northern Great Plains range sites. J. Range Manage. 48:211-217. 1995.

43. Heitschmidt, R. K., Short, R. E., and Grings, E. E. Ecosystems, sustainability, and animal agriculture. J. Anim. Sci. 74:1395-1405. 1995.

44. Grings, E. E., Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Mineral dynamics in forages of the northern Great Plains. J. Range Manage. 49:234-240. 1996.

45. Short, R. E., Grings, E. E., MacNeil, M. D., Heitschmidt, R. K., Haferkamp, M. R., and Adams, D. C. Effects of time of weaning, supplement, and sire breed of calf during the fall grazing period on cow and calf performance. J. Anim. Sci. 74:1701-1710. 1996.

46. Heitschmidt, R. K. Credibility and the business of range professionals. Rangelands 18:234-237. 1996.

47. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Grazing management: technology for sustaining rangeland ecosystems? Rangeland J. 18:194-215. 1996.

48. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Influence of Japanese brome on western wheatgrass yield. J. Range Manage. 50:44-50. 1997.

49. Weltzin, J. F., Archer, S., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Small-mammal regulation of vegetation structure in a temperate savanna. Ecology 78:751-763. 1997.

50. Weltzin, J. F., Dowhower, S. L., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Prairie dog effects on plant community structure in Southern mixed-grass prairie. Southwestern Naturalist 42:251-258. 1997.

51. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Clipping and Japanese brome reduce western wheatgrass yield. J. Range Manage. 51:692-698. 1998.

52. Weltzin, J. F., Archer, S. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Defoliation and woody plant (Prosopis glandulosa) seedling regeneration: potential vs realized herbivory tolerance. Plant Ecol. 138:127-135. 1998.

53. Karl, M. G., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Dynamics and patterns of flora sexual reproduction in a northern mixed grass prairie. Amer. Midl. Natur. 141:227-237. 1999.

54. Heitschmidt, R. K., Haferkamp, M. R., Karl, M. G., and Hild, A. L. Drought and grazing: I. Effects on quantity of forage produced. J. Range Manage. 52:440-446. 1999.

55. Short, R.E., MacNeil, M. D., Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Williams, C. B., and Bennett, G. L. Effects of growth potential, growing-finishing strategy, and time on feed on performance, composition, and efficiency of steers. J. Anim. Sci. 77:2406-2417. 1999.

56. Haferkamp, M. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Japanese brome impacts northern Great Plains rangelands. Great Plains Res. 9:315-327. 2000.

57. Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., Short, R.E., and Haferkamp, M.R. Intensive early stocking for yearling cattle in the Northern Great Plains. J. Range Manage. 55:135-138. 2001.

58. Hild, A.L., Karl, M.G., Haferkamp, M.R., and Heitschmidt, R.K. Drought and Grazing III: Root dynamics and seedling emergence. J. Range Manage. 54:292-298. 2001.

59. Haferkamp, M. R., Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., MacNeil, M. D., and Karl, M. G. Suppression of annual bromes impacts rangelands: Animal responses. J. Range Manage. 54:663-668. 2001.

60. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Grings, E. E., MacNeil, M. D., and Karl, M. G. Suppression of annual bromes impacts rangelands: Vegetation responses. J. Range Manage. 54:656-662. 2001.

61. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Haferkamp, M.R. and Heitschmidt, R.K. Animal age and sex effects on diets of grazing cattle. J. Range Manage. 54:77-81. 2001.

62. Heitschmidt, R.K., Johnson, J., and K. D. Klement. Science, social values and livestock grazing in the Great Plains. Great Plains Res. 11:361-374. 2001.

63. Haferkamp, M.R., Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K. and MacNeil, M.D. Quality and persistence of cool-season forages in the Northern Great Plains. J. Range Manage. 55:482-487. 2002.

64. Eneboe, E.J., Sowell, B.F., Heitschmidt, R.K., Karl, M.G., and Haferkamp, M.R. Drought and grazing: IV. Effects on blue grama and western wheatgrass tiller dynamics. J. Range Manage. 55:197-203. 2002.

65. Emmerich, W.E. and Heitschmidt, R.K. Drought and grazing: II. Effects on water yield and quality. J. Range Manage. 55:229-234. 2002.

66. Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., Short, R.E., and Haferkamp, M.R. Intensive early stocking for yearling cattle in the Northern Great Plains. J. Range Manage. 55:135 138. 2002.

67. Heitschmidt, R. K., E. E. Grings, L. T. Vermeire. Is rangeland agriculture sustainable? J. Anim. Sci. (E. Suppl.): E138 – 146. 2004.

68. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Haferkamp, M.R., and Heitschmidt, R.K. Late summer protein supplementation for yearling cattle in the Northern Great Plains. J. Range Manage. 55:358-364. 2004.

69. Vermeire, L. T., R. K. Heitschmidt, P. S. Johnson, and B. F. Sowell. The prairie dog story: Do we have it right? Bioscience 54:689–695. 2004.

70. Heitschmidt, R.K., Klement, K.D., and Haferkamp, M.R. Interaction effects of drought and grazing on Northern Great Plains rangelands. J. Range. Ecol. Manage. 58:11-19. 2005.

71, Heitschmidt, R. K. and L. T. Vermeire. 2006. Can abundant summer precipitation counter losses in herbage production caused by spring drought? J. Range. Ecol. Manage. 59:392 – 399.

72. Vermeire, L. T., R. K. Heitschmidt, and M. R. Haferkamp. Northern prairie response following 6-year exposure to 7 grazing strategies. 2006. (Submitted to JREM).

73. Vermeire, L. T., R. K. Heitschmidt and Matthew J. Rinella. 2009. Primary productivity and precipitation-use efficiency in mixed-grass prairie: A comparison of northern and southern US sites. J. Range. Ecol. Manage. 62:230 – 239.

74. Heitschmidt, R. K. Vegetational map and community structure of a west central Kansas prairie. M.S. Thesis, Fort Hays St. Univ., Hays, KS. 24 p. 1968. (Thesis)

75. Lauenroth, W. K., Dodd, J. L., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Woodmansee, R. G. Biomass dynamics and primary production in mixed prairie grasslands in southeastern Montana; Baseline data for air pollution studies. p. 559-578. In: W. Clark (ed.) Proc. Fort Union Coal Field Symp., Eastern Mont. Coll., Billings. 1975. (Proceedings)

76. Dodd, J.L., Woodmansee, R. G., Lauenroth, W. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Leetham, J. W. Effects of SO2 and other coal-fired power plant emissions on producer, invertebrate consumer, and decomposer structure and function in a southeastern Montana grassland. p. 41-61. In: R.A. Lewis, N.R. Glass, and A.S. Lefohn (eds.) The Bioenvironmental Impact of a Coal-Fired Power Plant, 3rd Interim Rep., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR. 1976. (Technical Report)

77. Heitschmidt, R. K. Chronic effects of SO2 on western wheatgrass in a Montana grassland. Ph.D. Dissertation. Colo. St. Univ., Ft. Collins. 100 p. 1977. (Dissertation)

78. Dodd, J. L., Lauenroth, W. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Leetham, J. W. First-year effects of controlled sulphur dioxide fumigation on a mixed-grass prairie ecosystem. p. 249-279. In: E. M. Preston and R. A. Lewis (eds.) The Bioenvironmental Impact of a Coal-Fired Power Plant, 3rd Interim Rep., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR. 1977. (Technical Report)

79. Lauenroth, W. K., Dodd, J. L., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Leetham, J. W. Effects of SO2 and other coal-firing plant emissions on producer, invertebrate consumer, and decomposer structure and function in the vicinity of Colstrip, Montana. p. 13-40. In: E. M. Preston and R. A. Lewis (eds.) The Bioenvironmental Impact of a Coal-Fired Power Plant, 3rd Interim Rep., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR. 1977. (Technical Report)

80. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Altman, J. L. Probable effects of S02 on agricultural crops. Colo. Agr. Exp. Sta., Ft. Collins. Tech. Bull. 133. 7 p. 1978. (Technical Bulletin)

81. Heitschmidt, R. K. A 21-year success story. Cattleman 66(1):48-70. 1979. (Popular Article)

82. Heitschmidt, R. K., Schultz, R. D., and Haas, R. H. Forage production following brush control. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 20 p. 1979. (Technical Report)

83. Heitschmidt, R. K., Rittenhouse, L. R., and Bluntzer, J. S. Performance of growing heifers on a one herd, 10 pasture, rapid rotation grazing system. p. 20. In: D. N. Ueckert and J. E. Huston (ed). Rangeland resources research, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3665, College Station, 1980. (Technical Report)

84. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Rawlins, W. J. Cow-calf performance as influenced by grazing systems and stocking rages. p. 20-21. In: D. N. Ueckert and J. E. Huston (eds.) Rangeland resources research, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3665, College Station. 1980. (Technical Report)

85. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Gordon, R. A. Effects of grazing on aboveground biomass dynamics and net primary productivity on a shallow range site. p. 82-83. In: D. N. Ueckert and J. E. Huston (eds.) Rangeland resources research, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3665, College Station. 1980. (Technical Report)

86. Jacoby, P. W., Jr., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Meadors, C. H., Jr. Late season control of annual broomweed with herbicides. p. 28. In: D. N. Ueckert and J. E. Huston (eds.) Rangeland resources research, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3665, College Station. 1980. (Technical Report)

87. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Frasure, J. R., and Price, D. L. Effect of heavy stocking rates on cow-calf performance. p. 38-39. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1981, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3758-3830, College Station. 1981. (Technical Report)

88. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Frasure, J. R., and Price, D. L. Effect of different stocking rates and grazing systems on cow-calf performance at the Texas Experimental Ranch. p. 39-41. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1981, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3758-3830, College Station. 1981. (Technical Report)

89. Johnson, A. B., Frasure, J. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Abomasal nutrient flow as affected by stocking rate. p. 172-173. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1981, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3758-3830, College Station. 1981. (Technical Report)

90. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Frasure, J. R., and Price, D. L. Potassium supplementation in the Rolling Plains. p. 174-175. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1981, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3758-3830, College Station. 1981. (Technical Report)

91. Heitschmidt, R. K. Better management through grazing research. Cattleman 68(6):114-118. 1981. (Popular Article)

92. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Schultz, R. D. Forage production following brush control. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 20 p. 1981. (Technical Report)

93. Schultz, R. D. Net primary production and seasonal herbaceous dynamics following brush management. Ph.D. Dissertation. Texas A&M Univ., College Station. 159 p. 1982. (Dissertation)

94. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Johnson, A. B. Diurnal variation in weight and rates of shrink of range cows and calves. p. 74-75. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1982, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3916-3963, College Station. 1982. (Technical Report)

95. Schultz, R. D., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Net primary production and seasonal changes in herbaceous vegetation following brush management. p. 107-110. In: W. T. Hamilton, C. J. Scifres, and D. N. Ueckert (eds.) Brush management and range improvement research 1980-81, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-3968-4014B, College Station. 1982. (Technical Report)

96. Heitschmidt, R. K. Cattle performance and grazing systems. p. 38-45. In: L. White & A. Hoerman (eds.) Proc. 1982 Inter. Ranchers Roundup, Tex. Agr. Ext. Serv., College Station. 1982. (Proceedings)

97. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt R. K., Walker, J. W., and Frasure, J. R. Growth and development of calves suckling first calf heifers. Proc. West. Sect. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 33:174-176. 1982. (Proceedings)

98. Heitschmidt, R. K., Johnson, A. B., Walker, J. W., and Dowhower, S. L. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Livestock production. p. 168-171. In: D. D. Briske & M. M. Kothmann (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Tech., Tex. A&M Univ., College Station, TX. 1982. (Technical Report)

99. Dowhower, S. L., Heitschmidt, R. K., Walker, J. W., and Johnson, A. B. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Aboveground biomass dynamics and net primary production. p. 172-175. In: D. D. Briske & M. M. Kothmann (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Tech., Texas A&M Univ., College Station. 1982. (Technical Report)

100. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Walker, J. W., and Dowhower, S. L. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Forage and diet quality. p. 176-177. In: D. D. Briske & M. M. Kothmann (ed.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Tech., Texas A&M Univ., College Station. 1982. (Technical Report)

101. Walker, J. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., Johnson, A. B., and Dowhower, S. L. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch: Animal behavior. p. 178-181 In: D. D. Briske & M. M. Kothmann (ed.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Tech., Texas A&M Univ., College Station. 1982. (Technical Report)

102. Heitschmidt, R. K. Integrated brush control and grazing management. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 10 p. 1982. (Technical Report)

103. Heitschmidt, R. K. Cattle performance and grazing systems. p. 38-45. In: Proc. 1982 Inter. Ranchers Roundup, Tex. Agr. Ext. Serv., College Station. 1982. (Proceedings)

104. Heitschmidt, R. K., Johnson, A. B., Frasure, J. R., and Price, D. L. Cow-calf and vegetation response to heavy rates of stocking at the Texas Experimental Ranch. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. B-14227, College Station. 9 p. 1983. (Technical Bulletin)

105. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Walker, J. W., and Frasure, J. R. Growth of implanted calves suckling first calf heifers. p. 15-16. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1983, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4061-4123, College Station. 1983. (Technical Report)

106. Johnson, A. B., Heitschmidt, R. K., Walker, J. W., and Shipman, O. Potassium supplementation of cows in the Rolling Plains. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1983, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4061-4123, College Station. 1983. (Technical Report)

107. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Short duration grazing and the Savory grazing method in perspective. Rangelands 5:147-150. 1983. (Popular Article)

108. Heitschmidt, R. K. Integrated brush control and grazing management. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 11 p. 1983. (Technical Report)

109. Pluhar, J. J. Hydrologic impacts of selected grazing systems on the Texas Rolling Plains. M.S. Thesis, Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 92 p. 1984. (Thesis)

110. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Peiper, R. D. Integrated brush control and grazing management. p. 89-95. In: K.C. McDaniel (ed.) Proc. Brush Manage. Symp., Soc. Range Manage, Denver, CO. 1984. (Proceedings)

111. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Requirements for a grazing system that best meets ranch needs. p. 236-245. In: L. White and A. Hoerman (eds.) Proc. 1984 Inter. Ranchers Roundup, Tex. Agr. Ext. Serv., College Station. 1984. (Proceedings)

112. Heitschmidt, R. K. Intensive rangeland grazing systems: The pros and cons. p. 1-12. In: Proc. of Agriculture: The New Frontier Symp., Coll. of Bio. & Agr. and Ezra Taft Benson Agr. & Food Inst., Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT. 1984. (Proceedings)

113. Heitschmidt, R. K. The ecological efficiency of grazing management. p. 378-384. In: Proc. 1984 Forage and Grassland Conference, Amer. For. Grassl. Counc., Lexington, KY. 1984. (Proceedings)

114. Heitschmidt, R. K. Vegetation and cow-calf response to rotational grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch. p. 207-211. In: P. J. Joss, P. W. Lynch, and O. B. Williams (eds.) Rangelands: A resource under seige, Proc. Second Inter. Rangel. Congr., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York. 1984. (Proceedings)

115. Heitschmidt, R. K. Integrated brush control and grazing management. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 21 p. 1984. (Technical Report)

116. Heitschmidt, R. K. (ed.) Texas Experimental Ranch Field Day Report. TAMU Agr. Res. and Ext. Ctr., Vernon, TX. 25 p. 1985. (Technical Report)

117. de Moraes, E. A. Cattle diets from yearlong and rotational grazing at two stock densities on the Texas Experimental Ranch. Ph.D. Dissertation, Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 84 p. 1985. (Dissertation)

118. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., Gordon, R. A., and Price, D. L. Response of vegetation to livestock grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. B-1515, College Station. 34 p. 1985. (Technical Bulletin)

119. Greene, L. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. K. Mineral dynamics of forages on the Texas Experimental Ranch. In: Forage research in Texas, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR. 1985. (Technical Report)

120. Adams, N. J., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Field evaluation of chemical castration of bull calves. Proc. West. Sect., Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci., Vernon, TX. 36:147-148. 1985. (Proceedings)

121. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. E. Grazing management research in the Rolling Plains of Texas. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 15 p. 1985. (Technical Report)

122. Blackburn, W. H., Knight, R. W., Thurow, W. L., Warren, S. D., Mings, T., Taylor, C. A., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Garza, N. E. Livestock grazing systems as a tool for increasing on-site water and decreasing erosion. Ann. Rep., USDA-SCS-RCA Special Study No. 58-7442-4-2800. 1985. (Technical Report)

123. Greene, L. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. E. Mineral composition of forages in a short duration grazing system. p. 40-41. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

124. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Kothmann, M. M. Cow-calf response to rates of stocking, type of grazing system and level of winter supplementation at the Texas Experimental Ranch. p. 38-39. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

125. Heitschmidt, R. K. Effects of heavy rates of stocking on cow-calf performance under yearlong continuous grazing. p. 34-35. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

126. Whitson, R. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Kothmann, M. M. Economic analyses of cow-calf response to rates of stocking, type of grazing system, and level of winter supplementation at the Texas Experimental Ranch. p. 55-56. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

127. Heitschmidt, R. K., Walker, J. W., Pinchak, W. E., and Dowhower, S. L. Effect of rotational grazing on cow-calf performance. p. 32-33. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

128. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Long-term vegetation response to grazing treatments. p. 11-12. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

129. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. Effect of rotational grazing on protein content of available forage. p. 20-21. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

130. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. Effect of rotational grazing on forage and litter standing crops. p. 10-11. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR- 4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

131. Heitschmidt, R. K., Dowhower, S. L., and Walker, J. W. Effect of livestock density (number of paddocks) in a rotational grazing system on forage production and herbage standing crop. p. 9-10. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

132. Walker, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing behavior of cattle in moderate continuous and rotational grazed systems. p. 21-22. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR- 4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

133. Walker, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Effect of various grazing systems on type and density of cattle trails. p. 22-23. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

134. Kothmann, M. M., de Moraes, E. A., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Botanical and chemical composition of cattle diets from yearlong continuous and rotational grazing systems. p. 26. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

135. McKown, C. D., Stuth, J. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Nutrient intake of steers in continuous and rotational grazing systems. p. 39-40. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

136. Conner, J. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Economic analysis of four grazing strategies. p. 53. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

137. VanTassell, L. W., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Conner, J. R. Calf performance models for the Texas Rolling Plains. p. 56-57. In: Grazing research in Texas, 1980-85, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4416-4457, College Station. 1986. (Technical Report)

138. Heitschmidt, R. K. Short duration grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch. p. 91-102. In: J. A. Tiedemann (ed.) Short duration grazing and current issues in grazing management short course, Wash. St. Univ., Pullman, WA. 1986. (Proceedings)

139. Heitschmidt, R. K. Texas perspectives on intensive grazing. p. 67-76. In: P. E. Reese and J. T. Nichols (eds.) Proc. Ranch Manage. Symp. (North Platte, NB), Univ. Neb., Lincoln, NB. 1986. (Proceedings)

140. Pinchak, W. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing management research in the Rolling Plains of Texas. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 10 p. 1986. (Technical Report)

141. Heitschmidt, R. K. Water utilization and yield from Rolling Plains rangelands. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 6 p. 1986. (Technical Report)

142. McKown, C. D. Nutrient intake of steers in a continuous and a rotational grazing system. M.S. Thesis. Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 55 p. 1987. (Thesis)

143. Knight, J. C. Vegetation and cow-calf response to several grazing systems in the Rolling Plains of Texas. M.S. Thesis. Tex. A&M Univ., College Station, 141 p. 1987. (Thesis)

144. Hansen, D. K., Rouquette, F. M., Jr., Florence, M. J., Walker, J. W., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing behavior of yearling horses. I. Time spent grazing different forages. p. 17-19. In: Forage Research in Texas, 1987, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4537, College Station. 1987. (Technical Report)

145. Heitschmidt, R. K., Conner, J. R., and Pinchak, W. E. Grazing management to meet goals. p. 61-70. In: L. White (ed.) Proc. 1987 Inter. Ranchers Roundup, Tex. Agr. Ext. Serv. College Station, TX. 1987. (Proceedings)

146. Heitschmidt, R. K. Principles and concepts of short duration grazing on semiarid rangelands. In: Proc. 43rd Annual Meeting, Southern Pasture and Forage Crop Improv. Conf. 1987. (Proceedings)

147. Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing systems and livestock management. p. 101-106. In: R. S. White & R. E. Short (eds.) Achieving efficient use of rangeland resources. Ft. Keogh research symposium, Mont. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bozeman, MT. 1987. (Proceedings)

148. Blackburn, W. H., Knight, R. W., Thuron, T. L., Warren, S. D., Mings, T., Taylor, C. A., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Garza, N. E. Final Rep., Livestock grazing systems as a tool for increasing on-site water and decreasing erosion. Ann. Rep., USDA-SCS-RCA Special Study No. 58-7442-4-2800. 167 p. 1987. (Technical Report)

149. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. E. Grazing management and beef cattle research in the Rolling Plains. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 29 p. 1987. (Technical Report)

150. Pieper, R. D., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing management: Is short duration grazing the answer? J. Soil Water Cons. 43:133-37. 1988. (Review Article)

151. Walker, J. W. The effect of grazing systems on cattle behavior. Ph.D. Dissertation, Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 84 p. 1988. (Dissertation)

152. Pinchak, W. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Canon, S. K., and Dowhower, S. L. Effects of longterm heavy rates of stocking on nutrient intake dynamics. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1988, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4596-4648, College Station. 1988. (Technical Report)

153. Heitschmidt, R. K. Intensive grazing in arid regions. p. 340-353. In: Proc. 1988 Forage Grassland Conf., Amer. For. & Grassl. Counc., Lexington, KY. 1988. (Proceedings)

154. Heitschmidt, R. K. (ed.) Texas Experimental Ranch Field Day Report. TAMU Agr. Res. and Ext. Ctr., Vernon, TX. 14 p. 1988. (Technical Report)

155. Heitschmidt, R. K. Effects of yearlong continuous deferred rotation, and rotational grazing treatments on cow/calf production at the Texas Experimental Ranch. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 29 p. 1988. (Technical Report)

156. Heitschmidt, R. K. The role of black-tailed prairie dogs in the establishment of honey mesquite. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 29 p. 1988. (Technical Report)

157. Heitschmidt, R. K. A summary of rotational grazing research at the Texas Experimental Ranch. In: Proc. of Short Duration Grazing and Holistic Resource Management Seminar, British Columbia Cattleman’s Assoc., Kamloopes, B.C. 1988. (Proceedings)

158. Pinchak, W. E., Canon, S. K., Heitschmidt, R. K., Cornett, J. L., and Dowhower, S. L. Effect of winter supplemental feed type on cow-calf performance on native range. In: Beef cattle research in Texas, 1989, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. PR-4649-4818, 1990. (Technical Report)

159. Adams, N. J., Hoolscher, C. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. E. Internal and external parasite control in range beef cows. p. 40-50. In: Proc. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci., Bozeman, MT. 1989. (Proceedings)

160. Heitschmidt, R. K. A summary of rotational grazing research at the Texas Experimental Ranch, p. 175-193. In: Proc. XI range beef cow symposium, Coop. Ext. Serv., Rapid City, SD. 1989. (Proceedings)

161. Heitschmidt, R. K. Water yield from rangelands in the Rolling Plains. Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 11 p. 1989. (Technical Report)

162. Weltzin, J. F., and Heitschmidt, R. K. The current and historical potential role of prairie dogs in regulating mesquite population dynamics. Ann. Rep., E. Paul & Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 2 p. 1989. (Technical Report)

163. Weltzin, J. F. The potential role of prairie dogs in regulating honey mesquite population dynamics. M.S. Thesis, Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 62 p. 1990. (Thesis)

164. Adams, N. J., Hoelscher, C. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Pinchak, W. E. Internal and external parasite control in range beef cattle. In: Beef Cattle Research in Texas, Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Consol. PR-4819-4865, College Station. 1990. (Technical Report)

165. Heitschmidt, R. K. The role of livestock and other herbivores in improving range vegetation. Rangelands 12:112-115. 1990. (Popular Article)

166. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Conner, J. R. Economic risks in grazing management. p. 132-144. In: Beef cattle science handbook, Lang Printing, Inc., Bryan, TX. 1990. (Proceedings)

167. Pinchak, W. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Livestock production and old world bluestem – What is the potential? Ann. Rep., E. Paul and Helen Buck Waggoner Foundation, Inc., Vernon, TX. 15 p. 1990. (Technical Report)

168. Wright, T. A. Water budgets of North Texas native grasslands. M.S. Thesis. Tex. A&M Univ., College Station. 88 p. 1990. (Thesis)

169. Barnes, T. G., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Varner, L. W. Wildlife. p. 179-189. In: R. K. Heitschmidt and J. W. Stuth (eds.) Grazing management: An ecological perspective, Timber Press, Corvallis, OR. 1991. (Book Chapter)

170. Stuth, J. W., Conner, J. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. The grazing management decision environment and planning paradigm. p. 201-223. In: R. K. Heitschmidt and J. W. Stuth (eds.) Grazing management: An ecological perspective, Timber Press, Corvallis, OR. 1991. (Book Chapter)

171. Briske, D. D., and Heitschmidt, R. K. An ecological perspective. p. 11-26. In: R. K. Heitschmidt and J. W. Stuth (eds.) Grazing management: An ecological perspective, Timber Press, Corvallis, OR. 1991. (Book Chapter)

172. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Taylor, C. A., Jr. Livestock production. p. 161-177. In: R. K. Heitschmidt and J. W. Stuth (eds.) Grazing Management: An ecological perspective, Timber Press, Corvallis, OR. 1991. (Book Chapter)

173. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Stuth, J. W. (eds.). Grazing management: An ecological perspective. Timber Press, Corvallis, OR. 259 p. 1991. (Book) (http://cnrit.tamu.edu/rlem/textbook/textbook-fr.html)

174. Lauenroth, W. K., Milchunis, D. G., Dodd, J. L., Heitschmidt, R. K., Hart, R. H., and Rittenhouse, L. R. Grazing and the Great Plains. p. 35-54. In: Grazing and grassland ecosystems symposium, Ecol. Soc. Amer. 1991. (Book Chapter)

175. Heitschmidt, R. K. A summary of rotational grazing research at the Texas Experimental Ranch. In: Proc. of Inter. Livestock Symposium, Sonoran, Hermosillo, Mexico. 1992. (Proceedings)

176. Heitschmidt, R. K. What we expect from the land: An ecologist. Montana Stockgrower 65:20. 1993. (Popular Article)

177. Heitschmidt, R. K. (ed.). Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present, and future. Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 124 pp. 1993. (Technical Report)

178. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland Agriculture in the 21st Century. p. 12-17. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

179. Grings, E. E., Haferkamp, M. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Mineral dynamics of forage grasses in the Northern Great Plains. p. 85-88. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

180. Short, R. E., Grings, E. E., MacNeil, M. D., Bennett, G. L., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Effects of genotype and management system on postweaning production efficiency and composition of beef. p. 89-92. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

181. Haferkamp, M. R., Volesky, J. D., Borman, M. M., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Currie, P. O. Effects of mechanical treatments and climatic factors on the productivity of northern mixed-grass prairie. p. 107-109. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

182. Heitschmidt, R. K., Volesky, J. D., Haferkamp, M. R., and Currie, P. O. Effects of mechanical treatments and climatic factors on livestock production in the northern mixed-grass prairie. p. 110-111. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

183. Haferkamp, M. R., Karl, M. G., MacNeil, M. D., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Young, J. A. Japanese brome in the northern Great Plains. p. 112-117. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

184. Karl, M. G., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Rangeland seed banks. p. 119-122. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

185. Heitschmidt, R. K. Reducing the impact of drought on northern Great Plains rangelands. p. 123-124. In: R. K. Heitschmidt (ed.) Research and rangeland agriculture: Past, present and future, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Res. Lab. Field Day, Miles City, MT. 1993. (Technical Report)

186. Heitschmidt, R. K. Ecology, economics, and ethics in range management. p. 929-932. In: A. Gaston, M. Kernick, and H. LeHouerou (eds.) Proc. 4th Inter. Rangel. Congr., Montpellier, France. 1993. (Proceedings)

187. Heitschmidt, R. K. The ecology of grazing management. p. 1267-1272. In: Proc. 17th Inter. Grassl. Cong., Hamilton, New Zealand. 1993. (Proceedings)

188. Larson, W., Heitschmidt, R., and Knapp, B. Rainout shelter design. Trans. Amer. Soc. Agr. Eng. 1993. (Mimeo handout)

189. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland ecology. p. 515-522. In: C. J. Arntzen (ed.) Encyclopedia of agricultural science, Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 1994. (Book Chapter)

190. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland agriculture – Is it sustainable? P. 63-74. In: Taha, F.K, et. al. (eds.) Proc. 1st Interprovincial Range Conf., Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. 1994. (Proceedings)

191. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland management and livestock production in the 21st century. p. 25-39. In: P. A. Thacker (ed.) Livestock production for the 21st century: priorities and research needs, Univ. Saskatchewan, Dept. Anim. & Poultry Sci., Saskatoon, Sask., Canada. 1994. (Proceedings)

192. Haferkamp, M. R., Young, J. A., Grings, E. E., Karl, M. G., Heitschmidt, R. K., and MacNeil, M. D. Japanese brome in the northern Great Plains. p. 396-401. In: S. B. Monsen and S. G. Kitchen (compilers) Proc. ecology and management of annual rangelands symp., USFS Intermountain Res. Sta., Tech. Rpt. INT GTR-313. Ogden, UT. 1994. (Proceedings)

193. Heitschmidt, R. K. Ecosystems, sustainability, and rangeland agriculture. p. 29-30. In: Proc. Sustainability of range livestock production sytems in the West, Mont. Agric. Ext. Serv., Bozeman, MT. 1994. (Proceedings)

194. Heitschmidt, R. K. Sustainable agriculture and ecosystem management. p. 75-78. In: Walter D. Willms and John F. Kormaar (eds.) Proc. 4th Prairie conservation and endangered species workshop, The Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton. 1995. (Proceedings)

195. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangelands, grasses, and sustainable agriculture. Western Beef Producer 3(5):76-77 & 103. 1995. (Popular Article)

196. Short, B., Grings, E., MacNeil, M., Heitschmidt, R. and Haferkamp, M. Weaning and supplementation options for cow-calf pairs during the fall grazing period. p. 61-65. In: Governor’s conference on the state of the cattle industry, Billings, MT. 1996.

197. Grings, E., Heitschmidt, R., Short, B., Hould, B., and Bellows, N. Management strategies for grazing yearling cattle. p. 111-113. In: Governor’s conference on the state of the cattle industry, Billings, MT. 1996.

198. Eneboe, E. J. Tiller dynamics of blue grama and western wheatgrass subjected to drought and grazing. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 91 pp. 1997. (Thesis)

199. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland grazing systems: which one is best? Montana Farmer Stockman, Western Beef Producer Section 3:WB26-27. 1997. (Popular article)

200. Grings, E. E., Short, R. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Meeting nutrient needs of stocker cattle. p.53-56. In: Proc. of 46th Montana Livestock Nutr. Conf., Montana State University, Bozeman. 1997. (Proceedings)

201. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Karl, M. G., and MacNeil, M. D. Forage production of annual brome. p. A2.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

202. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Karl, M. G., and MacNeil, M. D. Forage production of annual brome. p. 160-161. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

203. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Karl, M. G., and MacNeil, M. D. Influence of Japanese brome on western wheatgrass. p. A3.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

204. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Simulated grazing of Japanese brome. p. A4.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

205. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Simulated grazing of Japanese brome. p. 154-155. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

206. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Volesky, J. D., and Currie, P. O. Effects of mechanical treatments and climate on productivity of northern Great Plains rangelands. p. A5.1-5. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

207. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., Volesky, J. D. and Currie, P. O. Effects of mechanical treatments and climate on productivity of northern Great Plains rangelands. p. 137-141. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

208. Heitschmidt, R. K., Karl, M. G., and Haferkamp, M. R. Seed bank dynamics in a northern Great Plains rangeland. p. A6.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

209. Grings, E. E., Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Mineral dynamics of forages during the growing season. p. A7.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

210. Grings, E. E., Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Karl, M. G. Mineral dynamics of forages during the growing season. p. 70-71. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

211. Haferkamp, M. R., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Measuring carbon fluxes over northern Great Plains rangelands. p. A8.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

212. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Impacts of various livestock grazing strategies on northern Great Plains rangelands. p. B1.1-3. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

213. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Impacts of various livestock grazing strategies on northern Great Plains rangelands. p. 142-144. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

214. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Grings, E. E. Livestock Performance on Improved Cool Season Forages. p. B3.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

215. Haferkamp, M. R., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Grings, E. E. Livestock performance on improved cool season forages. p. 145-146. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

216. Heitschmidt, R. K., Haferkamp, M. R., and Hild, A. L. Grazing and Drought Management. p. B4.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

217. Heitschmidt, R. K., Haferkamp, M. R., and Hild, A. L. Grazing and drought management. p. 156-157. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

218. Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Short, R. E., Hould, B. S., and Bellows, N. R. Management strategies for grazing yearling cattle. p. B5.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

219. Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Short, R. E., Hould, B. S., and Bellows, N. R. Management strategies for grazing yearling cattle. p. 158-159. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

220. Short, R. E., Grings, E. E., MacNeil, M. D., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Weaning and supplement options for cow calf pairs during fall grazing. p. B7.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

221. Short, R. E., Grings, E. E., MacNeil, M. D., Heitschmidt, R. K., and Haferkamp, M. R. Weaning and supplement options for cow calf pairs during fall grazing. p. 105-106. In: Governor’s conference on the cattle industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

222. Short, R. E., MacNeil, M. D., Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Williams, C. B., and Bennett, G. L. Effects of Growth Potential, Growing finishing Strategy, and Time on Feed on Performance, Composition, and Efficiency of Steers. p. B8.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

223. Short, R. E., MacNeil, M. D., Grings, E. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Williams, C. B., and Bennett, G. L. Effects of Growth Potential, Growing finishing Strategy, and Time on Feed on Performance, Composition, and Efficiency of Steers. p. 68-69. In: Governor’s Conference on the Cattle Industry, Great Falls, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

224. Heitschmidt, R. K., and Walker, J. W. Grazing management: technology for sustaining rangeland ecosystems? p. 303-331. In: Jose Alberto Gomide (ed.) Proceedings of animal production under grazing symposium, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. 1997. (Proceedings)

225. Heitschmidt, R. K., Haferkamp, M. R., and Klement, K. D. Grazing and Drought Management. p. B4.1-2. In: Progress report, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT. 1997. (Technical Report)

226. Thurow, T. L., Carlson, D. H., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Estimating the impacts of alternative management practices on rangeland production and ecology using the SPUR model. p. 165-177. In: T. Robertson, B. C. English, and R. R. Alexander (eds.) Evaluating natural resource use in agriculture, Univ. Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 1998. (Book Chapter)

227. Grings, E. E., Short, R. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Evaluation of supplementation for growing cattle grazing native rangeland, p. 223-226. In: Proc. West. Sect., Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 49:223-226. 1998. (Proceedings)

228. Heitschmidt, R. K. Seeking ecological balance. Montana Farmer-Stockman: 86:WB76. 1998. (Popular article)

229. Heitschmidt, R. K. Ecosystems, sustainability and rangeland agriculture. Proc. Beef Improvement Federation Annual Meeting. Calgary, Alberta. 1998. (Proceedings)

230. Heitschmidt, R. K. Ecosystems, sustainability, and rangeland management. Proc. Western Range Science Seminar, The range: Progress and potential, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. p. 1-12. 2000. (Proceedings)

231. Heitschmidt, R. K. Ecosystems, sustainability, and rangeland management. Proc. Culture, Economics, and Ecology of Ranching West of the 100th Meridian, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. 2000. (Proceedings)

232. Heitschmidt, R. K. Rangeland grazing management strategies, Part 2. Montana State University Extension Service BEEF Newsletter 6(#4):4. 2000. (Popular Article)

233. Heitschmidt, R. K. Fort Keogh researchers help producers increase the bottom line. Montana State University Extension Service BEEF Newsletter 6(#4):5. 2000. (Popular Article)

234. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Heitschmidt, R.K. Effects of season of calving and weaning age on cow and calf production through weaning. Proc. West. Sec. Anim. Sci. 51:125-127. 2000. (Proceedings)

235. Short, R.E. and Heitschmidt, R.K. Some thoughts on animal agriculture, technology, energy, humans, animal science, and how it all fits together. Proc. West. Sec. Anim. Sci. 51:9-17. 2000. (Proceedings)

236. Heitschmidt, R.K. Rangeland grazing management strategies, Part 2. Beef Questions and Answers 6(4):4. 2001. (Popular Article)

237. Heitschmidt, R.K. Fort Keogh researchers help producers increase the bottom line. Beef Questions and Answers 6(4):5. 2001. (Popular Article)

238. Heitschmidt, R.K. Grazing systems as resource management tools. Proc. Sustainable Manage. of Rangeland Res., Teton County Ext. Ser. May 14-16, p. 18-20. 2001. (Handout)

239. Haferkamp, M.R., Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K. and MacNeil, M.D. Livestock performance on seeded forages in the Northern Great Plains. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 52:326-328. 2001. (Proceedings)

240. Klement, K. D., R. K. Heitschmidt, and C. E. Kay. Eighty years of vegetation and landscape changes in the Northern Great Plains: a photographic record. USDA Agric. Res. Ser., Conser. Res. Rpt. No. 45. Beltsville, MA. 91 p. 2002. (Technical Report)

241. Emmerich, W. E., and Heitschmidt, R. K. Grazing, burning and drought influence on rangeland ecosystem sustainability. In: Proc. 10th Inter. Soil Conserv. Org. Conf. May 23-28, 1999. Purdue Univ., IN. 2002. (Proceedings).

242. Phillips, W.A., Coleman, S.W., Grings, E.E., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C., Short, R.E., Mayeux, H.S., and Heitschmidt, R.K. 2002. Performance of steer calves reared in temperate or sub tropic environments and used as stocker calves on winter wheat pastures. p. 44 45. In: Progress reports from the Grazinglands Research Laboratory. C.T. MacKown and J. Garbrecht (ed.) (Field Day Report)

243. Heitschmidt, R. Do you have to run out of forage before you manage? Proc. Montana Nutrition Conf. Realistic Solutions for Maintaining the Sustainability of Montana’s Livestock Industry. p. 3-5. 2002. (Proceedings)

244. Kruse, R.E., Tess, M.W., Heitschmidt, R.K., Paterson, J.A., and Klement, K. Evaluation of drought management strategies for cow-calf enterprises. A practical predictor of growing season forage production. Proc. Western Section Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 53:212-215. 2002. (Proceedings)

245. Phillips, W. A., S. W. Coleman, E. E. Grings, D. G. Riley, C. C. Chase, R. E. Short, H. S. Mayeux, and R. K. Heitschmidt, p. 49 – 50. In: Increasing the performance of stocker calves on winter wheat pastures. USDA-ARS Fort Reno Grazinglands Research Laboratory Progr. Rpt. 2002. (Progress Report).

246. Heitschmidt, R.K. and Haferkamp, M.R. Ecological consequences of drought and grazing on grasslands of the Northern Great Plains. p. 107-126. In: J.F. Weltzin & G.R. McPhearson (eds.) Changing precipitation regimes and terrestrial ecosystems. The University of Arizona Press. 2003. (Book Chapter)

247. Heitschmidt, R.K. and Kirby, D. Range programs at risk. Western Farmer-Stockman. Pg. 20. February 2003. (Popular Article)

248. Fox, W.E., Heitschmidt, R., and Joyce, L. Sustainable Rangelands Roundtable (SRR) Criterion: Conservation and maintenance of plant and animal resources on rangelands. p. 1955-1957. In: Allsopp, N., Palmer, A.R., Milton, S.J., Kirkman, K.P., Kerley, G.I.H., Hurt, C.R. and Brown, C.J. (eds). Proceedings of the VII International Rangelands Congress. Durban, South Africa. 2003. (Proceedings)

249. MacNeil, M.D. and Heitschmidt, R.K. Beef cattle management: Extensive. In: Encyclopedia of Anim. Sci. 2004. (In Press)

250. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E. and Heitschmidt, R.K. Effects of calving date and weaning age on cow and calf production in the Northern Great Plains. Proc. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 54:335-338. 2003. (Proceedings)

251. Heitschmidt, R.K., Haferkamp, M.R., Klement, K.D. Grazing and drought management, p. 27-28. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

252. Heitschmidt, R.K., Klement, K.D., Kruse, R.E. Drought management – do you have to run out of forage before you manage? p. 29. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

253. Klement, K.D., Heitschmidt, R.K., Kay, C.E. Eighty years of vegetation and landscape changes in the Northern Great Plains. p. 10. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

254. Haferkamp, M.R., Heitschmidt, R.K. Measuring carbon fluxes over Northern Great Plains rangelands. p. 12-13. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

255. Vermeire, L.T., Heitschmidt, R.K., Haferkamp, M.R. Impacts of various livestock grazing strategies on Northern Great Plains rangelands. p. 22-23. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

256. Haferkamp, M.R., Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., MacNeil, M.D. Livestock performance on seeded cool-season forages. p. 24-25. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

257. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Heitschmidt, R.K. Effects of season of calving and weaning age on cow and calf production through weaning. p. 30-31. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

258. Haferkamp, M.R., Macneil, M.D., Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., Klement, K.D. Heifer production on seeded cool-season forages. p. 26. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

259. Grings, E.E., Phillips, W.A., Short, R.E., Mayeux Jr, H.S., Heitschmidt, R.K. Performance of steer calves born in the Northern Great Plains in three seasons of calving and used as stocker cattle on winter wheat pasture in the Southern Great Plains. p. 32. In: E.E. Gring(ed.), 2003 Research Update, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory. 2003. (Technical Report)

260. Allen, V., Heitschmidt, R.K., Sollenberger, L. Grazing systems and strategies. In: C. Jerry Nelson (ed.). Forages, Vol. II. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, Iowa. 2004. (Book Chapter)

261. R. K. Heitschmidt and Vermeire, L. T. 2005. An ecological and economic risk avoidance drought management decision support system. p. 178. In: J. A. Milne (ed.) Pastoral systems in marginal environments. Proc. Satellite workshop, 20th Inter. Range. Congr., Glasgow, Scotland. The Netherlands: Wageningen Acad. Publ.